guide to visit
This region is characterized by its fertile soils, mild weather, good accesses and maritime power, is inhabited by Man since ancient times, with several old Hill Forts in its territory, such as the one in Achada, Cabeço do Jardo, Penedo the one of Zambujal, one of the most complex pre-historic fortification in the Country.
The Roman occupancy of this territory also left its strong influence, like in Quinta do Juncal and Macheia, in Louriceira. The area was also occupied by Moors until 1148, when the first Portuguese king, D. Afonso Henriques, conquered the Torres Vedras Castle, one of the most important during the Middle Ages.
In the 19th century, with the French Invasions, all the region gets more influence with the construction of the “Linhas de Torres”, a set of military fortifications built in secrecy to defend Lisboa during the Peninsular War, that stopped the enemy forces.
In 1846 Torres Vedras is occupied by constitutional troops, commanded by Bomfim Count that fight against the Marshal Saldanha troops, originating the battle and the conquest of Torres Vedras, ending with the surrender of the Bomfim Count.
With such a rich history, Torres Vedras presents as well a fabulous heritage, with great monuments and highlights such as the old Castle that seems to have Moorish origins, with its pleasant Garden and the lovely Santa Maria do Castelo Church; also the ruins of the Alcaides Palace; the Santiago and Misericórdia Churches; the Nossa Senhora da Nazaré, Nossa Senhora da Pena, do Sagrado Coração de Jesus and of Nossa Senhora de Fátima Chapels; the Santa mirinha and São Gião secluded Chapels; the Church and Convent of Varatojo founded in1470 or even the majestic Aqueduct, among many other highlights.
Quite interesting the 16th century Graça Convent that houses nowadays the Municipal Museum dedicated to the Peninsular War and also to the history, art and ethnology of this wonderful Torres Vedras region, that is also know for the wines that here are produced.
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