Mosteiro de São Martinho de Mancelos

Amarante, Mancelos - Amarante


Monastery of Saint Martin of Mancelos

Monastery of private foundation already mentioned in 1120, perhaps in the scope of the lineage of the Portocarreiros and after of the Fonsecas, Mancelos is an example of manorial intervention in the creation and maintenance of private churches. Having been integrated into the order of Canons Regular of Saint Augustine, it is likely that the date 1166, inscribed on a stone block of the Church, bears witness to the consecration or dedication of the temple. However, the remaining architectural traces refer to the 13th century, as this chronology is most evident in the main portal. This is sheltered by the church porch, which explains why it is still in good condition. The capitals were elegantly carved and the plain tympanum is supported by two figures standing in atlantes poses. The church porch and the tower, among other elements, such as the battlements, provide grandeur to the Church, profoundly changed in the centuries after its construction. This is evidenced by the scars on the ornaments and structural additions. On the south side, where the cloister [inner courtyard of a monastery] would be, an arcosolium still guards a tomb. Inside, only the triumphal arch brings to mind the building's Romanesque style, for most of that space today is the outcome of counter-reformation interventions. In the cemetery next to the Monastery is the burial place of painter Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso (1887-1918), major figure of Portuguese Modernism.

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