In the highest point of the Moura village is located what still remains of the 13th century Castle, which origin was probably a hill fort built during Iron Age, and subsequently occupied by Romans, Visigoths and Muslims.
After the Christian re-conquest in 1232, the king D. Dinis ordered the reconstruction of the Castle over the previous ruins, with a new watchtower that is still visible nowadays.
Since the reconstruction, and all through the centuries new restoration and amplification works took place, and in the 16th century, the Nossa Senhora da Assunção Monastery, integrated in the Santa Maria Church, built over the former Mosque, that houses supposedly the tombs of the two Moura Christian conquers (Pedro and Álvaro Rodrigues).
The Castle suffers many damages during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714) and the great Earthquake of 1755.
In the 20th century, the Castle has some restoration and preservation works, and these days houses an army museum and an archaeology museum.
The Legend of the Salúquia, the Moorish maiden
During the Moorish occupation of the village, it is said that the princess Salúquia, the daughter of the Muslim governor Abu Hassan, was engaged to be married to Bráfama, the young commander of a town named “Aroche“, who had set forth to fight the Portuguese Christian troops.
The day before the wedding Bráfama and his companions were ambushed and he was killed by the Christians, who were advancing upon the town and preparing to conquer it. They disguised in Bráfama and his companions clothes, and tricked the ones inside the castle and also the princess, who allowed to open the Castle gates, letting them in. And so the Christians conquered the Castle.
Once Salúquia realised that she had been deceived, she threw herself from the high tower and died.
Touched by the love story, the Conquerors of the village renamed it to “Terra da Moura Salúquia” (“Moorish Salúquia Land“), and even nowadays, the olive grove where the moors were, supposedly ambushed is called “Bráfama de Aroche” (“Bráfama from Aroche”).