Roliça

Bombarral

Information

Roliça is a small village nearby Bombarral, in the Central region of Portugal, famous for the Roliça’s Battle that was fought in this territory, that marked the beginning of the end of the Napoleonic domain in the Iberian Peninsula.

Several archaeological vestiges demonstrate that at about 50.000 Neanderthal Man established here. The Roman civilization also left its important mark, mainly over the agricultural knowledge, which Roliça has wisely maintained over the years, due to the fertility of this great soils and for the proximity with the ocean.

Around Roliça there are small typical villages, mainly rural, with lovely landscapes that are worth to be known, such as Baraçais, Azambujeira dos Carros, Columbeira, São Mamede, Boavista or Delgada.

Roliça also presents an interesting heritage, like the Parish Church of Nossa Senhora da Purificação, the São Lourenço Chapel of the 16th century or the Espírito Santo Chapel also known as “Gorjões Chapel” because it onde belonged to the Gorjão Henriques family, dating back from the 16th century.

Nearby in Picoto Mount a cross pays homage to the ones that died in combat in the Roliça Battle.


The Roliça’s Battle
The Roliça Battle was fought in 17th of August 1808 between French troops, with General Delaborde, and Portuguese and English allied troops with Arthur Wellesly and Bernardino Freire, and this was the first battle of the Peninsular War.

The First French invasion took place on the 17th October 1807 with the Fontainebleau Treaty, where the French Emperor Napoleon and the Spanish King Carlos the 4th reaffirm the alliance between the two Countries, compromising as well to share the conquered territories. The way for the French troops was opened.
On the 6th of August 1808 an English army, allied to Portuguese troops, under the comand of General Wellesley, disembarks in Buarcos bay (in Figueira da Foz), trying to go south, heading to Lisboa.
The French troops, under the command of General Delaborde, confront in Roliça the English trrops, being defeated and heading back to Torres Vedras, where they were reunited with the General Junot troops.

The victory in Roliça’s Battle opened the way for, about four days after, with the Vimeiro Battle (near Lourinhã) the end of the French Invasions.

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